How Can NRIs Become Angel Investors?
By Ninie Verma, Content Associate, 1stCheque by Favcy
- Can NRIs angel invest in Indian startups?
- How does an NRI invest in an Indian company and what are the specifics they must be aware of?
- In this week’s Angel Bytes we bring to you everything NRIs need to know about angel investing in Indian startups.
Read away and do not forget to share with your NRI friends!
Are you the American cousin known for bringing back home loads of imported chocolates? Or maybe you are the overachiever daughter who has made it big abroad and now has money burning a blazing hole in her pocket that she wants to invest back in her homeland! Whatever your reason may be and irrespective of wherever you are currently situated, here is a comprehensive guide to how NRIs can become Angel Investors and participate in this magnanimous ongoing startup revolution in India.
Up For a Roulette of Rules?
There are some rules and regulations that affect you when you want to invest in Indian companies in accordance with the Foreign Direct Investment policies. Let’s take a glance at the most important ones -
1. Investment into an Indian company from a person resident outside India (including NRIs) will only be considered as FDI, if the investment is made into the following instruments (collectively FDI Instruments): a) Equity shares, b) Fully and mandatorily convertible preference shares and c) Fully and mandatorily convertible debentures/
2. For angel investing, the investment amount can be remitted by the NRI from the bank account maintained in the country of residence or the NRO/NRE/FCNR accounts maintained in India.
3. NRI’s can invest in shares/convertible debentures of an Indian company through:
- a) A remittance from its bank account outside India (“Foreign Bank Account”)
- b) A remittance from its NRE/FCNR(B) Accounts
4. NRI’s can invest in any sector for startups and there is no restriction on the same.
How Can an NRI angel invest?
Some of the popular investment options generally opted by foreign angel investors are:
- Bank deposits – There are three forms of bank accounts that are predominately opened by NRIs in India. These are -
- Non-Resident (External) Rupee Account Scheme (NRE Account) – These are the accounts that are operated by the NRIs with an intent to park their foreign earnings/savings in Indian rupees. The account is maintained in the form of savings, current, recurring, or fixed deposit account, and designated as Non-Resident Rupee Account.
- Non-Resident Ordinary Rupee Account (NRO Account) – These accounts are preferred in cases where NRIs intend to park only the Indian-sourced income such as rent, pension, dividend, etc. earned and received in India.
- Foreign Currency (Non-Resident) Account (Banks) Scheme (FCNR Account) – These accounts provide ease of repatriation of funds as they are maintained in the designated foreign currencies, and protect from foreign exchange rate fluctuations.
- Equity investments – The economy is growing at a very fast pace which invests in equity shares of Indian companies an attractive opportunity for investors. NRIs are allowed to invest in equity shares of both listed and unlisted companies but are subject to certain conditions.
- Mutual funds – NRIs are also permitted to purchase units of mutual funds without restrictions irrespective of the type of Mutual fund i.e. whether equity-oriented or debt-oriented.
- Convertible debentures – This type of security is issued by a company in form of debt against investment and is convertible into ordinary stock at a specified time (no later than 10 years from the date of issuance) either fully or partly.
- Convertible preferred stocks – This can be optionally convertible (except in the case of non-NRI foreign investors) or compulsorily convertible preferred stock. Compulsorily convertible stocks are, as the name suggests, required to be converted into ordinary stock on completion of a term or the happening of an event.
Other than these instruments, NRIs can also become a member of an Angel Investing platform, like yours truly.
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Lastly, here are some things to remember if you’re an NRI looking to invest in Indian startups -
1. There are ceiling limits on NRI investments.
When it comes to equity investments in Indian startups, the Reserve Bank of India has set certain ceiling limits beyond which NRIs cannot invest. Depending on the company, the limit can either be 10% or 24% of the total paid-up capital of the company. This limit is on the total NRI investments.
With respect to a single NRI, the investment ceiling limit is set at 5% of the total paid-up capital of the company. Therefore, when choosing to invest in Indian startups, always make sure that it is well within the limit prescribed by the RBI, so as to not contravene any provisions laid out by it.
2. Take repatriation into account.
There are two different investment options for NRI in India. You can either invest in the equity of a company through an NRO (Non-Resident Ordinary) account or through an NRE (Non-Resident External) account.
The NRO account is a non-repatriable account and does not allow you to transfer the funds from the account to your country of residence, whereas the NRE account allows free repatriation. And so, when investing in an Indian startup, it is a good idea to do so through an NRE account if you favour transferring sale proceeds or dividend income to your country of residence.
And, that’s a wrap!
Although riskier than other options, Indian startup companies are some of the best NRI investment options currently available. If things go favorably, your investment can provide you with an exceptional and unmatched rate of return. And there’s nothing like the satisfaction of a good investment made in the country where your roots lie.